Final Reflection

Hi. Here is my reflection:

Intro: The first part of my reflection is written about the second slide of my portion of the Pecha Kucha, which discusses virtual gaming and how it’s becoming more like real life (isn’t that ridiculous?).

A Walk  Through A Slide


For my second slide, I chose a screenshot of a Sims game, which is a virtual world on your computer that you run completely. I had began discussing the permanent affects of becoming virtual gaming on the previous slide, and I wanted to continue discussing that in further detail. I chose this screenshot in particular because this game really highlights how the world of virtual gaming is becoming more in touch with the real world, outside of the computer.
This picture compliments the narrative for this slide by showing how virtual games mimic real life, and depict it in their own digital way. The screenshot of the Sims game shows the interior of a house, complete with furniture, a variety of rooms, and even a character. It’s clear that companies are trying their best to make people feel as if they are in the real world when they play these kinds of games. David Perry’s video, “Are Games Better Than Real Life?” perfectly describes the point I was trying to reach on this slide, which is why I decided to site him. One of the statements made by Perry is that video games will “be more lush, complex, emotional experiences- more involving and meaningful to some than real life,” (Perry). I picked the word ‘lush’ out from this statement to put in my narrative, because I feel like that word describes the caliber of what level of reality companies are trying to reach in their games.
This slide represents one of two main sections in my narrative- virtual gaming and Twitter. Throughout my 5-slide presentation, I tried to explain how the use of these two things have permanent outcomes. Slide 2 fits in because it gives a good visual as to how serious virtual gaming is becoming as time goes by. The picture I chose and the narrative correlate, giving a brief description on how virtual games might eventually feel more real than anything offline. It continues to build on the first slide, where I stated how virtual gaming can turn into an addiction. The more ‘lush’ games become, the more they will intrigue people and capture their attention. The ideas in this slide were added on to the first slide to reiterate how virtual gaming can pull people away form the real world. Overall, I don’t think I would’ve done anything different on this slide, but if I had the chance to revise it, I would further search for a screenshot of a ‘virtual child,’ to really get the point across that people take this world of gaming seriously.

Intro: The second part of my reflection talks about what I learned about my blog topic, which is permanency. It discusses how my perspective on the Web 2.0 has changed through the research and readings done in and out of class.

What I Learned About My Blog  Topic

When my group picked ‘permanence’ for our blog topic, I honestly didn’t know how much there would be to say about that. It was a topic that I had never studied, and I was pleasantly surprised when I found that I was able to relate different articles from class and other articles I found on my own to that topic. It seemed as if it was too narrow, but overall, I learned a lot of different ways that going online can cause permanency problems. I gained a new perspective on the topic, realizing that everything we post will always be stuck in cyberspace, and read what some of the possible consequences are and how permanency online has affected others.
I am an avid Twitter user, and have been since my sophomore year of high school, which was 4 years ago. In my time on the site, I have seen a lot of horrible things posted, such as negative comments towards other people and very personal, disturbing thoughts. A lot of people don’t have a filter, whether they’re online or offline, and say whatever they feel, despite the possible consequences. Through my research, the readings in class, and separate articles that I found, I realized that everything will say will always be stuck in cyberspace. Even if you delete a tweet, anyone could have read it, saved it, or taken a picture of it. Steven Johnson’s article, “How Twitter Will Change The Way We Live,” was one that I used for my Pecha Kucha, and it really broadened my ideas on permanence. He stated that Twitter “added a second layer of discussion and brought a wider audience into what would have been a private exchange,” (Johnson). I cited this in my narrative because it gave me a new perspective to permanency on the web. This statement taught me that nothing is private in cyberspace, and every single thing you say, even if it’s directed towards a specific person, will make it’s way around to other people. Throughout most of the articles we had to read, including the article about filter bubbles and Margaret Atwood’s piece, I found a common theme that shows the correlation between permanency and Web 2.0. The theme is that every portion of the Web will always be stuck there, so it’s important to have a filter online and think before you type.
After doing so much work on this topic, my perspective on the Internet truly has changed. I am definitely going to think twice before I post a Facebook status or a tweet, because I don’t want anything to come back to haunt me years down the road. Doing this research has given me a much better outlook on how to be careful, or I might regret posting something small one day.

Love, Hope.

Pecha Kucha (Doo Doo Doo Doo Doo)

Here is our group Pecha Kucha on Permanence 🙂

Pecha Kucha on Permanence (4)

Jen P.

SLIDE 1: We may not write in Sharpie or krazy glue our pictures in public places everyday, but one thing is for sure: when we publish anything online, the rest of the world can view it, save it, and/or even share it. From then on you have left your mark, and in this way, others can see your true colors.

SLIDE 2: Margaret Atwood mentioned how people are always saying things on the Internet that probably shouldn’t have been said. She says, “come to think of it: once decrees and blessings have made it out of the mouth—or, now, in the 21st century, out of the ends of the fingers and past the Send button—you can’t take them back.”

SLIDE 3: Permanence goes hand in hand with Identity and Privacy. Submitting personal information online must be taken cautiously, for you can be robbed of your privacy. One website got access to information of several celebrities. USA Today said, “The site did not state how the information was obtained or why the people targeted on the site were selected.” When a celeb’s confidentiality is subject to hacking, it could happen to anyone.

SLIDE 4: Our actions online are becoming more personalized depending upon what information Internet sites know about us. When you Google search, there are over 50 signals that Google looks at including what computer you’re on, and what browsers you use. You can’t decide what gets in, and you can’t see what gets out of your filter bubble. It’s not only what we say or show through social media; it’s also what we do that’s becoming more noticed.

SLIDE 5: Our presentation promotes making smart decisions in the social media world. It’s simple for us to shut down our laptops, or turn off our phones and act like everything we have just composed, uploaded, or answered will disappear. Wake up and smell the Febreeze, people! What happens online is scrutinized now more than ever. In Duhigg’s article, which surprised us by Target’s Guest ID numbers, Andrew Pole said, “We want to know everything we can,” and let me tell ya, folks, they do!

Chelsea D.


Kindles, Ipads, Notebooks are all way to read books via Internet. Chances are at some point you have come across a book illegally uploaded. By uploading that book it is always there. Kevin Kelly states, “We are becoming people of the screen”. How we view books and literacy is changing. Instead of worrying about losing a book or the words becoming faded you can simply go online and read it, since it will ALWAYS be there.

Text Message

Just because a text message is deleted from your phone does not mean that it is gone. “ Businessweek states, “But like e-mails, which Gmail (GOOG) and Yahoo! (YHOOessentially allow us to store forever, and tweets—every single one of which the Library of Congress is now archiving—texts are a record of our lives.” Also, the receiver  of said text can save it, or screen shot it. Either way your text is always in cyber space.


Ever wonder what happened to those emails from when you were younger? They are still there. Just like text messages, you never know who is saving or sending your information. People could be printing your e-mails and keeping a file of everything you have said, or forwarding it to others. The e-mails that you sent are being saved in your archives on your computer without your knowledge, its automatic.

Blogging (part 1)-

“Following a blog is like getting to know someone, or watching a television series.” (What is a blog) You are learning about someone through a blog. What they write, how they feel about themselves or a situation. In this class we are blogging about what we read. It is OUR interpretation. What we think about the situation is now, forever, on the Internet.

(Blogging (part 2)-

“We are using life on computer screens to becomes comfortable with new ways of thinking bout evolution, relationships, sexuality, politics, and identity.” (Wire, Who am we?, Sherry Turkle) The “Leave Brittany alone” video that Chris Crocker blogged can never be removed. Although he wants to put those blogs behind him, they will forever be in on the Internet. Even though blogging is a way to express your opinion on certain situations, you need to remember they aren’t going anywhere.

Nicole S

We all use some form of social media today, but we don’t think about how what we put on the internet, will be there forever even if we delete it. For example, Facebook. Whenever we post statuses or add pictures, somehow someone can look up your information and find it. Like John Dvorak states “I always tell people that posting photos or comments or just about anything is like getting a tattoo. Once it’s on, it’s pretty hard to get rid of it.”

People need to be really cautious when it comes to pictures. For example, you never know what pictures you are in on the app Instagram because of everyone’s ability to upload a picture without your consent. Rebecca Rosen states “You don’t even need to reproduce anything anymore, you merely share with a click.” Whether you are taking them or not, people can still post pictures with you in them for everyone to see.

Not only are these two social media’s a part of the permanent world, but YouTube is also. Putting any videos online is saying that you don’t care if anyone sees them. Kevin Kelly stated “There are more than 10 billion views of video on YouTube in September.” And that is just September! We all have access to these videos that are from people around the world because they are permanently on YouTube.

We recently had to go to a website called “We Feel Fine” by Jonathon Harris and we could see how everyone is feeling at any moment in the world with a push of a button. Someone wrote “I was confident in my ability to birth our baby and could feel the head descending with each pushing contraction.” Thanks to her, we all now know how she is feeling because of what she permanently put on the internet.

And now there is an app on our phones called Snap Chat where we can take pictures and send them to our friends for a limited time. However with our technical abilities, someone can easily “screen shot” or take a picture of the picture and save it on their phones so that they have it for forever. Therefore, making it permanent whether they know it or not.

Hope O

Slide 1: One thing I noticed when I was researching articles on permanence was the addiction taking place online. I found an article about a Korean couple who’s baby starved to death because they were too busy taking care of a virtual child. The death of this baby is permanent. It won’t come back to life, and that’s their fault.

Slide 2: The correlation between permanence and virtual gaming is discussed by David Perry. He said that games are going to be more fun and ‘lush’ for the next generation. Games have continued to evolve since we were little, and they become more in touch with real life. Virtual gaming is not real life, but an addiction to it is permanent.

Slide 3: Another example of permanency on the web would be through the use of Twitter. Margaret Atwood asked if Twitter is signaling, like telegraphs. The answer is no, it’s not, because every tweet posted is lost in cyberspace forever. Even if you erase it, the data will always be stuck online somewhere.

Slide 4: Steven Johnson also wrote an article about Twitter and how it will change our lives. He said that adding Twitter to a conversation takes away from Tweets being a private exchange. The use of Twitter, even when making an account private, can be accessible to anyone. The bottom line is that anybody in the world can read what you say.

Slide 5: Overall, permanence on the Web can cause many problems in today’s society. As technology becomes more and more advanced, we become more and more reliant on it. As long as we are able to find a balance between the Web and real life, and are able to filter our thoughts online, we are able to prevent permanence problems.

The Nonbelievers

There are some people in the world who don’t believe in things being permanent. I was looking for my last article for this week’s blog post. Instead of searching for an article that someone wrote, I decided to read through some discussion pages about the idea of permanence. I found a page on Hubpage that linked a long discussion between a few people about their idea of permanence. To be honest with you, I was pretty surprised with what I read. Even though some things aren’t going to stick around forever, I don’t think these people took modern day technology into account.

The opening question for the discussion was, “What do you consider permanent in your life?” The girl posing the question mentioned that it could be related to relationships, beliefs, emotions, and habits. These are not just material things.

The first person to respond to this question quickly replied that nothing in life is permanent. She did bring up an interesting point, stating that “you did not bring along anything when born and will not take along anything from here.” That’s definitely an arguable statement that I don’t necessarily agree with. Although we did come into this world without any material items, we weren’t born with nothing. Each of us were born with parents, a family, nationality, and other things. These ARE permanent. You cannot change your nationality. You cannot change who your parents are or where you were born. Those things will never change. So although this girl did try to bring up a good point. she didn’t necessarily think about non-material things.

Another writer stated that life in general is permanent. This is a really broad answer, and the moderator of this forum immediately rebutted his statement. She claimed that our personal attitudes and viewpoints can always change, which is true. There may be a time when you form an opinion, and have it change within a short period of time. For example, my dad was raised in a Republican family. As he got older, he learned more about politics and formed his own opinion. Now, he is a registered Democrat. There is always an opportunity for a new point of view or change in beliefs.

I actually don’t know what else I would consider permanent, except for what we’ve been talking about on this blog, which is what you submit to cyberspace. I don’t think life is permanent, because we all die eventually. But while we’re here, we can consider some things permanent. Maybe the definition of permanent should be different…

Love, Hope.



This whole ‘filter bubble’ idea is weird. I honestly was completely confused at first, because it was a term I had never heard of. I wish the guy speaking in this video has been more outgoing, because the subject is actually very interesting. He needs some pep in his step.

I really don’t like the fact that websites and companies are able to see EVERYTHING. There’s a huge lack of privacy, and although they are trying to be affective and helpful to the technological user, it’s just borderline creepy. Everybody is starting to become more personalized, doing “what we think we want to see.” How do they know what I want to see? Just because I’ve typed something in before? I don’t want to live in a filter bubble. I don’t want people to assume what I like and want to read. That’s all a ‘filter bubble’ seems to be; an assumption.

I think websites are becoming so over the top, and according to the video, are becoming algorithmic instead of using real-life editors. That’s how sites used to be. That’s how they used to be run. Now, everything is lacking true humanity and relying on the advancements of technology. The idea that was discussed in Eli Pariser’s video just really annoyed me. Algorithms are not the same as human thoughts and needs. We need to be able to control what we are seeing, reading, and using. Just because the Internet is advanced, that doesn’t mean it can assume who we are as people.

I believe what he is saying, as Pariser worries about future isolation. But I think we’re already at that point. How many people do you see being isolated because of modern day technology? I think that faster than ever, we are becoming extremely close to living in our own personal online bubbles, which is exactly what a ‘filter bubble’ is. Our ‘filter bubbles’ are made to try and be personalized to us, and end up pushing us away from the real world. This relates to permanence, which is the overall theme of this blog. With the consistent and continuous personalization the web pages and searches we see, the bubbles are going to get smaller and smaller. Eventually, I think we’ll all be stuck. That’ll be permanent.

nothing but...

nothing but… (Photo credit: TheAlieness GiselaGiardino²³)


Hi. So I found this crazy article that seems so ridiculously unreal, I can’t even wrap my head around it. I found this article after being intrigued by this week’s videos to watch. I was thinking about the evolution of video games and how my slight addiction to the Nintendo 64 still protrudes today, even as a college sophomore. Then I thought about the world of online gaming. Now, a lot of video game systems integrate that into their technology, like the Wii and the Xbox. It can get pretty scary, because you have no idea who you’re playing with, talking to, or anything like that. Besides that, there are a lot of games just for the computer. The only online game I’ve ever really played is Gold Miner.

Nintendo 64

Nintendo 64 (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Try it, it’s fun: []


This is a whole different world. A new kind of gaming. So when I was searching for an article to blog about, I came across a story from the other side of the world. All the way in South Korea.

Here’s the story:

A couple was arrested for the death of their three month old daughter. She starved to death because her parents, who met online, became so obsessed with raising a ‘virtual’ child on an online game. According to the article, they would leave her unattended for hours at a time while they played this game, and only fed her occasionally. She died after they played the game for 12 hours straight, when the body was found. Their baby’s name is not mentioned in the article, but it’s noted that the virtual child’s name was Anima.

Isn’t that sick? I think the most disappointing thing about this article is the fact that they barely acknowledged the real child. They took the time to describe what game the parents were playing and what they named the child, while the child that died was barely recognized. That’s sadder than most stories I wouldn’t even call these people parents. The fact that they met in an online chat sort of begins to describe their personalities- they’re hooked on the web. So much so that they let it become their own reality. They got so lost in cyberspace that they forgot about the real world that we all live in. An innocent life was taken because of an addiction.

So how does this relate to permanence? Easy.

This girl’s life is gone. She is not coming back. A beautiful 3 month old baby, stripped of her life due to an addiction to the web. That’s the most permanent thing in our world- death. Think about that before you make certain choices online.

Love, Hope.

PS- Gold Miner is honestly really fun.


Dr. Luke

What kind of name is Dr. Luke? Hint: he’s not even a real doctor. He’s a songwriter and producer, who according to the Hollywood Reporter has had over 40 smash hits since 2004. This guy is probably responsible for writing some of your favorite songs. Examples? Die Young by Ke$ha. Teenage Dream by Katy Perry. Till The World Ends by Britney Spears. He is a hit-maker, and definitely knows how to compose songs that will get major airplay on the radio.

SO. Here’s a quick analysis about who he follows on Twitter. He follows a fairly small amount of people, with his number at 75. He follows pretty much only musicians, songwriters, and producers. People involved in the music industry. Artists he’s written for. Artists he’s currently working with. His partners in crime (AKA other songwriters). This small list of people shows a lot about him and his profession.

He takes it seriously. You can tell by the neatness and attentiveness of the list of people he follows. He doesn’t just follow random people who ask him to follow them. He follows professionals, those who are well-known in the music industry and are at the same status as he is.

I think his Twitter also shows that he has a large amount of people who know who he is as a writer and express interest in his profession and how well he does. Not many songwriters and producers are as well-known as he is. The only other few that are up to his level are writers such as Max Martin (POWERHOUSE songwriter) and probably Rock Mafia.

The professionalism of Dr. Luke’s Twitter is fresh and shows a dedication he has towards his career and doing things with grace. He follows a variety of different kinds of people within the music industry, and is able to network himself even more and extend his credentials.

If I EVER get the chance to write with Dr. Luke, I will feel successful. I’m telling you, he is behind all of your favorite songs. You know, the ones that you jam out to in your car with the windows down.

Love, Hope


Made For Me

Facebook has been a staple of my everyday life since I was in 8th grade. Maybe 7th grade. The point is, I was too young to be screwing around on the website. I felt pretty cool, because all the older kids in high school had one. It was pretty lame actually.

I’m a musician. I network through Facebook, a separate ‘likeable’ account I have linked to my personal one. Before I had the account for my music, I posted statuses whenever I recorded new music, so my Facebook friends could listen. Pretty good networking strategy, I thought. Word spread fast around school every time I posted something about my music.

One day, I logged on and had a friend request. The name of the ‘person?’ Hope Sucks. The picture? A child with Down syndrome trying to run. I remember heat rushing to my face. My mouth dried up. Heart pounded out of my chest. My stomach felt like it was slowly disintegrating. Somebody went out of their way to make this page about me, making fun of me. Talking trash. Not even that, but making hate videos about me on YouTube, as well. “Hope Vista Sucks” and “I Hate U Hope” were among the two. I logged off of Facebook and tried to catch my breath. That page was there for everyone to see. All of my classmates, my family members. Anyone in the world could view someone’s hatred towards me.

I stayed off Facebook for a few days and pulled together enough strength to ignore the hate.

Why did I tell this story? To get the message across that being on Facebook everyday is not vital. It can cause controversy, start threats, or end friendships. People truly have no filter online. They are free to say whatever they want and they abuse that power. Having that freedom makes you feel like you’re in control and nobody can stop you. It’s a good feeling, but it can be a dangerous one.

Logging off Facebook for the week is difficult, but I’m kind of glad that I’m away from all the hate, complaining, and blabber. People annoy me on there most of the time, so this assignment was just about breaking a habit. My point is that although Facebook is fun, logging off may be the healthiest thing from time to time. Take a break from cyberspace and come back to the real world. Even though we have so much technology surrounding us, escaping from one thing can truly give your mind a rest.

My closing thought? Avoiding Facebook for a while means avoiding bullshit.Excuse my mouth.

Love, Hope



Growing up, I’d fear hearing the statement, “This is going on your permanent record.” Educational administrators gave that threat to students daily, hoping to shape them up or give them a little scare. When I found the article Twitter is the New “Permanent Record”, I realized how social media has a permanence that can affect anyone’s everyday life.
Okay, so we tweet things. We update our Facebook statuses constantly. We all post a variety of pictures on the ever-popular Instagram (which I’m not ashamed to say I’m addicted to). But the real question is, has anyone ever realized that these social media sites have access to everything about us? Our user profile information, email addresses, things we post. Every single thing that we write on these sites will always be able to be accessed by the people who own them.


NYU LAW (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

The article, which does not have an author, mentions a case about a man who made certain remarks on Twitter and lost his job at NYU as a result. I doubt he intended on this happening because of a 140-character thought he typed up, but the truth is that anybody can see what you say.

When I scroll through Facebook or Twitter, I always seen things that just make me want to smack people in the head. Maybe that’s harsh, but some people don’t seem to have a filter when it comes to posting things online. Freedom of speech often tends to be abused in this day and age. People get into other people’s business and always have something to say. Maybe that’s why Twitter is said to be the new ‘permanent record.’
I can truly see why this a controversial topic.

Twitter Logo

Twitter Logo (Photo credit: Jon Gosier)

I’ve probably said things online that could’ve gotten me in trouble, but with the amount of users online nowadays, who hasn’t? I firmly believe that everyone has the choice to whether or not sites like these will become the new ‘permanent record.’ The bottom line is, watch what you say. As the article states, “The intent [of your tweets] can easily be miscontrued,” (Admin). Once you have posted something and it’s seen, it is permanent.
Permanence is the underlying theme of this blog, and this article and the use of Twitter perfectly exemplify the meaning of that word. My advice? Be careful.

Love, Hope
PS- Think about others before you post.



Image representing Twitter as depicted in Crun...

Image via CrunchBase

I was sitting in my Piano class as a sophomore in high school when I made my first Twitter account. I’m not sure exactly how I heard about this new social media phenomenon, but the idea of sending short little updates to the entire world was appealing. I tweeted my classmates as I was sitting across from them, and laughed at the senselessness of it all, but it kept me amused.

In her article, Atwood in the Twittersphere, Margaret Atwood poses an interesting question, asking “So what’s it all about, this Twitter? Is it signaling, like telegraphs? Is it Zen poetry?” (Atwood). I don’t even think that’s the beginning of explaining what this new craze is. From what I’ve seen over the past 4 years, Twitter provides an outlet to those who wish to speak their mind. I’ve come across tons of different kinds of accounts. Some actually use it professionally, like musicians, athletes, and professors. Others use it just to express their thoughts and to communicate with their friends. My personal favorite kind of accounts are ones that parody other things, such as TV characters.

As I continued to read Margaret Atwood’s article, she stated that someone sent her a tweet saying that “I love it when old ladies blog” (Atwood). I sat here and tried to picture this little old woman behind a laptop, skimming through the thoughts in her head to create a tweet. It just goes to show you how many different kinds of people are able to interact and participate in the Twittersphere or Twitterverse. No matter what coined term you use, this is a different kind of social media outlet that anyone can use. I’ve noticed that Twitter is mostly used by teenagers, celebrities, and super-fans of celebrities, but it’s nice to see the occasional outsider.

Now that I’ve sat here and rambled on about the use of Twitter who uses it, I’m finally going to get the point that I’ve been trying to make about permanence. Earlier I said that most Twitter users speak their mind and use this website to get all of their thoughts out. This is readable to anyone with an Internet connection. Tweets are basically open letters to the world. Once somebody reads your tweet, that’s it. It’s out there. Anyone can retweet it, quote you, save it on their phone or computers, take a picture of it, or send it along to someone else through different social media. Even if you decide to erase your tweet, it’s still there. Everything on the Internet has some kind of permanence.

So how does this affect an individual? You can’t take back what you say. With a website like this, which is accessible to anyone, everyone must be careful with what they say. We have the right to speak freely, but at the same time, this can be a dangerous tool. Those little thoughts that you Tweet might seem harmless, but they will always be there and may come back to haunt you one day. In short, watch what you say.

Love, Hope

PS- Happy tweeting.

Free twitter badge

Free twitter badge (Photo credit: Wikipedia)


The Loss of Print

Image representing Facebook as depicted in Cru...

Image via CrunchBase

To anyone impacted by modern-day technology,

These two articles by Bolter were confusing to me, as I tried to make a connection between my life and the points that he was trying to make about digital technology. He states that “our culture wants both to multiply its media and to erase all traces of mediation: ideally, it wants to erase its media in the very act of multiplying them,” (Bolter 2). This word was a completely new concept to me, and while I was reading through the article about remediation, I noticed a brief connection to my life

My first though about this idea was the use of Myspace when I was younger. It was the biggest craze, and everybody that I knew had a unique profile. Kids begged their parents to let them get one, despite the fact that they were young and vulnerable to Internet safety. Once the Myspace craze faded out, people were searching for the next big fad. What seemed to come in next was a huge range of

Image representing MySpace as depicted in Crun...

Image via CrunchBase

different social networking websites, such as Facebook and Twitter. The amount of Myspace profiles decreased drastically, and as this media was erased, the new websites became more popular than ever. This is much like Bolter’s idea of remediation, which identifies an example of new media multiplying by the day.  As these websites and new ones continue to grow, more and more media will begin to be erased to create space for new fads.

Bolter’s second article, Introduction: Writing in the Late Age of Print, describes the future

Ipod mini 1G

Ipod mini 1G (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

of print. He discusses that “some educators imagine a classroom in which books are replaced by virtual environments,” (Bolter 5). I thought about my brother when I read this section, who is 13 years old. Now in middle school, his learning experience is much different than mine was at that age. 8 years ago, we had just begun using Macs, and the iPod mini was just released. Advanced technology was at a minimum, and I remember doing a lot more writing. My brother is in 7h grade and does not have good writing skills. He cannot spell, and has handwriting that is almost completely illegible. Now that technology has taken over the importance of print and classrooms are almost all digital, he has missed out on learning skills that will help him in the future. He completely refuses to write out anything, opting to use his computer or some other form of technology to do his work. The future of print seems to be on its way out, and I think that Bolter’s statement about teachers wanting a completely virtual classroom is unethical. The basis of school and learning is writing.

Bolter’s ideas in these pieces of writing share thoughts about the future of print and the multiplication of media.  This is completely different from when I was a kid, and I think that if this technology continues, basic learning skills are in danger of being unused.

Love, Hope

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